FAITH is not in need of LOGIC. The test of faith is to believe in something that is not logical. Something that is logical does not require any faith. – Pastor Andrew
CHRISTIANS BELIEVE IN ONE GOD
A basic teaching of Christianity is that there is only one God. Not two, not three – only one God. Christians, Jews, and Muslims all claim that they worship one God. There is a misconception amongst many Muslims that Christians do not believe in one God.
The following Bible verses show that Christians do believe in one God:
In the Old Testament in the book of Malachi chapter 2 verse 10 we read: “Did not one God create us?” One God, not two, not three. Christians believe in one God.
In the New Testament there are many examples where it is written that there is only one God. In the book of Romans chapter 3 verse 30 we read: “since there is only one God…” In 1 Timothy 2:5 we read: “For there is one God.” In James 2:19 we read: “there is one God.”
So, for someone to say that Christians believe in two or three gods, they have not read the Bible. The Bible proves that there is only one God, and Christians believe in only one God. This is basic Christianity.
CHRISTIANS BELIEVE THAT GOD IS ONE
Not only does the Bible say that there is one God, but the Bible also says that God is one. The two truths are different. One truth says there is one God, meaning there is only one God – not two, not three, but one. But the Bible also says that “God is one,” meaning that God is unified within Himself; there is no contradiction within God. God says who He is, and He is who He says He is.
“God is one” means that God is complete and whole, and unified within Himself. God is not divided within Himself, or double-minded in any way. God is in agreement with Himself. If we think about ourselves we know that each of us has contradictory thoughts, emotions and actions. We don’t want something, and then we want it at the same time. We say we are going to do something, and we don’t do it. We say we are not going to do something, and we do it. We contradict ourselves. We are not one with ourselves. But God is one. He does not change His mind.
In the Old Testament in the book of Deuteronomy chapter 6, starting at verse 4 we read about what God says about Himself: “Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one.” The Lord, of course, is another word for God. Both words have the same meaning. This Scripture says that God is one (unified within Himself).
A Scripture which helped me understand the oneness of God is found in the book of Judges chapter 20 verse 1 where it is written: “Then all the Israelites from Dan to Beersheba and from the land of Gilead came out as one man.” Here we see the idea of oneness in action. The verse says the Israelites came out as “one man,” but there were many of them. The Israelites didn’t somehow physically become one man. The Scripture describes the unity of purpose among the three groups of people (“from Dan to Beersheba and Gilead”) such that they came out as one man, meaning, they were in complete unity of purpose. They were one. This is same idea when it says God is one.
To get an idea of this oneness we read in Genesis chapter 1, starting at verse “Then God said, “Let us make man in our image, in our likeness, and let them rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air, over the livestock, over all the earth, and over all the creatures that move along the ground.” Notice that God talks to Himself in unique language. He says “us” while talking to Himself. And in verse 31 it says, “God saw all that He had made, and it was very good.”
Another beautiful example of this truth that God is one (unified within Himself) is the example of marriage and the union between a woman and a man as described by God. The Bible says about marriage in Genesis 2:24: “For this reason a man will leave his father and mother and be united to his wife, and they will become one flesh.” The union of a man and a woman is meant to be a real integration of two people into one. The man and woman are to be in unity with one another and live in a joyful, peaceful existence with one another. Their union is to be blessed with the spirit of unity, cooperation, and love. This is the same idea that “God is one” represents when God says He is one. “God is one” means that God is in unity with Himself.
GOD BECAME FLESH AND BLOOD
In the New Testament in the book of Matthew chapter 1 verses 20-21 (New International Version) we read: “Joseph son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary home as your wife, because what is conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit. She will give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus, because he will save his people from their sins.” This verse illustrates that God became flesh as a baby boy.
The conception of Jesus — the moment in time when Mary became pregnant with Jesus — was a supernatural, unique event in the history. No one has ever been born of a woman without a human father, except for Jesus Christ. The baby Mary conceived in her womb was unique. There was no sperm, or in other words, there was no seed of man.
Adam and Eve were created by God, but they were not born of a woman. And they are obviously not God. Adam was created from the earth and Eve was created out of one of Adam’s ribs. Neither of them was born of a woman. In Genesis chapter 2, verse 7 we read that “the Lord God formed the man from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living being.” Adam and Eve were created by God, they were not God themselves. We know this because Adam and Eve sinned, but Jesus did not.
The point is that there are marked differences between the creation of Adam and Eve and the birth of Jesus Christ. Just because Adam and Eve did not have a physical father does not mean that they were equal to Jesus. Keep in mind that Jesus never sinned, but Adam and Eve did sin.
How do we know that God became flesh and blood? Because the Bible says so. In John chapter 1 verse 1 we read: “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God,” and in verse 14 we read: “The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us.”The Word became flesh. The verse says the “Word was God” and a further verse says the “Word became flesh”. This is what happened at the time Mary conceived in her womb by the power of the Holy Spirit — God became flesh.
Now, we are not able to comprehend how exactly God’s Spirit came upon Mary and caused her to conceive in her womb the Son of God. But it happened. Scripture tells us so. The event is something that our logical minds cannot comprehend because God is so great that He does things which we can only stand in amazement of. What God requires of us is that we believe what He says. That is the essence of faith.
I love the verse in Job chapter 5 verse 9: “He performs wonders that cannot be fathomed, miracles that cannot be counted.”
God performs wonders that cannot be understood by the greatest minds on earth. The impregnation of Mary is one such miracle done by God through His Holy Spirit and His Word which we cannot understand, but we can believe.
JESUS WAS BORN OF A WOMAN
Mary conceived a child within her womb by the power of God’s Holy Spirit. This is supported by many Scripture texts. For example:
▪ Matthew chapter 1 verse 18: “she was found to be with child through the Holy Spirit.”
▪ Matthew chapter 1 verse 20: “what is conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit.”
In Luke chapter 1 verses 30 and 35 we read about how Mary was to become pregnant with the baby Jesus: “But the angel said to her, ‘Do not be afraid, Mary, you have found favour with God. You will be with child and give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus….The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the most High will overshadow you.”
Mary conceived the baby Jesus by the Holy Spirit of God, not in any other way.
Mary gave birth to a baby boy and named that boy Jesus as instructed by the angel Gabriel. Mary’s baby was delivered in the same way billions of other babies have been born, through the pain of labour. Jesus was born of a woman.
JESUS IS GOD
In the New Testament in the book of Matthew chapter 1 verse 23 God says through His servant Matthew: “The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and they will call Him Immanuel – which means ‘God with us’.” This baby that was to be born was God. Therefore Jesus is God as Jesus is the only person born to a virgin.
To understand everything about God we would have to be God, but we are not God and therefore will never understand everything about Him. He is God and we are human. However, we can read in the Bible where it says that Jesus is God, that God Himself became a man, and we can believe it.
In Isaiah chapter 9 verse 6 it is written: “For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders. And he will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.” This son who was given to us is Jesus. And Jesus is called Mighty God according to the Scriptures. Jesus is God.
In John chapter 1 verse 29 it is written: “The next day John saw Jesus coming to him and said, Behold the Lamb of God which takes away the sin of the world.” Now who can take away the sins of the entire world? Only God can, and yet Jesus is the one of whom it is said that He will take away the sin of the entire world, making Him God.
In John chapter 20 verse 28 Thomas answers the Lord Jesus Christ and says to him: “My Lord and my God.” Jesus’ disciple said that Jesus was God and respected and worshipped Him accordingly, and since Jesus is God, He accepted that worship.
God came into the world as a man in the flesh. He was wrapped in the flesh of a baby and the name of that baby given by the angel Gabriel to Mary, was Jesus. Jesus is God.
JESUS IS ALSO A MAN
Jesus grew up to be a man. We read of this in Luke 2 verse 52: “And Jesus grew in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and men.” Jesus was born as a baby and grew to be a man, yet without sin. And we also know from Scripture that Jesus grew up to be a carpenter.
To be thorough let’s look at some verses which clearly state that Jesus Christ is a man.
One such verse is in Romans chapter 5 verse 15. This section talks about how the sin of Adam caused sin to come into the world, but by the death of Jesus on the cross forgiveness came into the world. It is written: “But the gift is not like the trespass. For if the many died by the trespass of one man, how much more did God’s grace and the gift that came by the grace of one man, Jesus Christ, overflow to the many.” Jesus was also a man.
In the moving moment when Pilate brings Jesus to the angry Jewish mob that wants Jesus killed, it is written in John chapter 19 verse 5: “When Jesus came out wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe, Pilate said to them, ‘Here is the man.'”
In 1 Timothy chapter 2, verse 5 it is written about Jesus: “For there is one God and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus.”
Lastly, Jesus was a man who had feelings. He wept, felt compassion, prayed, ate and slept. But as it is written in Hebrews chapter 4, verse 15: “For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but we have one who has been tempted in every way, just as we are – yet without sin.” Jesus was also a man, yet without sin because He was also God. Marvelous.
JESUS SAYS HE IS GOD
In some places God says explicitly, “I am God.” In other places God uses other language to say He is God. In Isaiah chapter 46 verse 9 Gods says through the prophet Isaiah: “I am God and there is no other.” There are many other passages which show where God says explicitly and clearly in the Old Testament “I am God.” However, God also says He is God by using other words.
There are many ways to see that Jesus says He is God as we read the New Testament. One such way is where Jesus himself says in Mark chapter 2 verse 10: “But that you may know that the Son of man has the power on earth to forgive sins…” Jesus is saying that He has the power to forgive sins. We know that only God can forgive sins, and Jesus said that he can forgive sins, therefore Jesus is saying He is God.
God call Himself the First and the Last, and so does Jesus. In Isaiah chapter 44 verse 6, God says through His prophet Isaiah: “I am the first and I am the last; apart from me there is no God.” God calls Himself the “First and the last” in the Old Testament and says that this means He is God.
In the New Testament in the Book of Revelation chapter 1 verse 17 Jesus says: “I am the First and the Last.” We read that Jesus is saying He is the first and the last. He is the same “first and the last” as is written in Isaiah. Jesus is saying He is God.
Another place in Scripture where Jesus says He is God in the New Testament in John chapter 10 starting at verse 25: “Jesus answered, ‘I did tell you, but you do not believe. The miracles I do in my Father’s name speak for me, but you do not believe because you are not my sheep. My sheep listen to my voice; I know them, and they follow me. I give them eternal life, and they shall never perish; no one can snatch them out of my hand. My Father, who has given them to me, is greater than all; no one can snatch them out of my Father’s hand. I and the Father are one.’ Again the Jews picked up stones to stone him, but Jesus said to them, ‘I have shown you many great miracles from the Father. For which of these do you stone me?’
‘We are not stoning you for any of these,’ replied the Jews, ‘but for blasphemy, because you, a mere man, claim to be God.'”
The Bible shows that Jesus claimed to be God. The Jews of Jesus’ day clearly understood this, and so does anyone who reads the Bible.
CHRIST IS GOD
We come now to the truth which, for me, has been the most difficult truth to discover. Christ is God. The Christ is the Saviour, the Messiah, the one who died for our sins to save us. And since only God can save us from our sins, this Messiah — this Christ — has to be God. Christ is God.
There are many Scriptures which foretell of the Christ that came, many Scriptures which talk of Christ as Saviour, and here are a few:
John 20:31 But these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name.
Acts 18:28 For he vigorously refuted the Jews in public debate, proving from the Scriptures that Jesus was the Christ.
Romans 5:6 You see, at just the right time, when we were still powerless, Christ died for the ungodly.
1 Corinthians 1:23 …but we preach Christ crucified: a stumbling block to Jews and foolishness to Gentiles
1 Corinthians 5:7 Get rid of the old yeast that you may be a new batch without yeast — as you really are. For Christ, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed.
1 Corinthians 15:14 And if Christ has not been raised, our preaching is useless and so is your faith.
Galatians 2:20 I have been crucified with Christ and I no longer live, but Christ lives in me. The life I live in the body, I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave himself for me.
Ephesians 4:32 Be kind and compassionate to one another, forgiving each other, just as in Christ God forgave you.
Philippians 3:10 I want to know Christ and the power of his resurrection and the fellowship of sharing in his sufferings, becoming like him in his death.
Colossians 2:9 For in Christ all the fullness of the Deity lives in bodily form.
Hebrews 10:5 Therefore, when Christ came into the world, he said: “Sacrifice and offering you did not desire, but a body you prepared for me.”
1 Peter 1:11 …trying to find out the time and circumstances to which the Spirit of Christ in them was pointing when he predicted the sufferings of Christ and the glories that would follow.
1 Peter 3:18 For Christ died for sins once for all, the righteous for the unrighteous, to bring you to God. He was put to death in the body but made alive by the Spirit,
1 Peter 4:1 [Living for God] Therefore, since Christ suffered in his body, arm yourselves also with the same attitude, because he who has suffered in his body is done with sin.
This next part can get a bit technical, so if you are into technical stuff read on, otherwise you may want to skip to the next section.
In The Old Testament the Hebrew word used to describe the Messiah is the word “Mashiach”. The English word is Messiah. Both words mean the same thing: the Anointed One.
The Jewish people translated the Hebrew Old Testament into Greek before Christ was born. They did so because there were a lot of Jewish people who understood Greek better than they understood Hebrew. When the Hebrew Old Testament was translated into Greek, the Greek word “Kristos” was used for the Hebrew word “Mashiach”. Both words mean the same thing, “The Anointed One”. The English word for Mashiach is either “Messiah” or “Christ”.
Therefore, to summarize:
▪ The Old Testament Hebrew word for the Saviour, Messiah, or Anointed One is “Mashiach”
▪ The Old Testament and New Testament Greek word for Mashiach is “Kristos”
▪ The English word for Kristos is “Christ” or “Messiah”
In conclusion, all these words are names for God. Only God is the Saviour, only God is the Messiah, only God is the Anointed One, only God is the Christ. Or, put another way saying the same things: The Messiah is God, the Anointed One is God, the Saviour is God, Christ is God. God is one, and there is only one God.
As an aside, it was the story of the tower of Babel in the Bible which caused God to create many languages so that the people could no longer continue building this tower to the heavens which they wanted to build for themselves. In Genesis chapter 11 we read where Gods says: “And the Lord came down to see the city and the tower, which the children built. And the Lord said, Behold, the people is one, and they have all one language; and this they begin to do; and now nothing will be restrained from them, which they have imagined to do. Go to, let us go down, and there confound their language, that they may not understand one another’s speech.”
(Notice two things: one, the people were one and acted in unity, and secondly, God says “let us go down” again referring to the unity of God.)
This act of God as a response to the Tower of Babel has created the need to translate the Hebrew and Greek Scriptures into all the other languages of the world. If God had not created many languages there would be no need for translation. The tower of Babel has made it necessary to understand meanings behind words and to express them in many languages.
The main point to understand is that the words Christ, Messiah, Anointed One, Saviour, Lord, and God are all interchangeable. That is why one Bible you can buy might say “Jesus is the Christ” and another Bible may say “Jesus is the Messiah”. Both Bibles are saying the same thing about Jesus, they are simply using different English words.
In Matthew chapter 1 verse 16 it is written: “And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.” Jesus is given the unique title or name of Christ.
In Hebrews chapter 10 verses 5 to 7 it is written: “Therefore, when Christ came into the world, he said: “Sacrifice and